FULL SPECTRUM VS BROAD SPECTRUM VS CBD ISOLATE: WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENCES
Cannabidiol, otherwise abbreviated as CBD, has become very popular and many people choose to use it regularly for everyday ailments and occasional larger medical symptoms. However, there can be some confusion around the differences between Full Spectrum CBD, Broad Spectrum CBD and Isolate CBD and which kind one should use in their everyday lifestyle. With our goal of helping to educate the public on the difference between Full Spectrum CBD, Broad Spectrum CBD and Isolate CBD, we want to ensure that you know what the differences are between the three kinds of CBD so you can use it to help better your daily lifestyle. By understanding more about the differences between them, we hope that you will have better knowledge and understanding of what products to purchase and what kind you might want to consume based on your wants and needs. Keep on reading if you are interested in learning more about the differences between Full Spectrum CBD, Broad Spectrum CBD and Isolate CBD.
First, what is CBD and how does it work?
Cannabidiol, otherwise abbreviated as CBD, is a chemical compound found in cannabis plants. It can be extracted from the leaves, flowers, and sometimes stems of either marijuana or hemp. Because CBD comes from two different plant sources, it is important to understand the difference between these two different plants and how THC comes into play. This is a very important factor when looking at the three different kinds.
To understand how CBD can work, it is important to understand the body’s endocannabinoid system or the ECS. The ECS can be understood as a network of receptors that helps power your immune system and regulate your hormones. When you use CBD, the cannabinoids will enter your body and they can bind to various receptors to activate them to produce certain effects, such as reducing anxiety or chronic pain and inflammation.
Now, odds are that you have probably come across the terms CBD Full-Spectrum, CBD Broad Spectrum and CBD Isolate when looking for your CBD products. These labels essentially tell you the kind of cannabinoid content you should expect in your product and you must understand the differences between the three.
But first, we must dive a bit deeper into educating you on CBD and the other Cannabidiols found in Cannabis. Cannabidiol, otherwise known as CBD, is just one of many cannabinoids. This essentially means that it is one of the active compounds found in the cannabis plant. While CBD and its psychoactive counterpart, THC, are found in high quantities and are the most well-known, there are plenty of other cannabinoids you might want to know about. Each cannabinoid has different effects on the body, and it is thought that combining the various cannabinoids can lead to a strengthened effect on the body, which many do not realize. The cannabinoid spectrum range contained within a product is what determines whether the product is Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, or CBD Isolate, which is so important. To create a CBD product, the cannabinoid content is extracted from the Cannabis plant, using methods such as CO2 extraction. During this process, other compounds found within the plant are extracted such as terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabinoids. Depending on the strain and extraction method, the profile of the cannabinoids will differ. Depending on the purpose of the end-product, each company creating these CBD products will choose to extract from a strain of Cannabis that best suits their needs for their business and their consumer. Once extracted, the company creating the end-product can then choose to refine the extract to contain only specific cannabinoids. The contents of the refined extract are what determines if the CBD extract is Full spectrum, Broad Spectrum, or CBD Isolate.
What is Full-Spectrum CBD?
Let’s begin with the first of the three: Full-Spectrum CBD. Full-Spectrum CBD products contain a full range of cannabinoids. When the cannabinoids are extracted from hemp, the entire extract is made into a consumable product, meaning that you are getting a healthy dose of all the cannabinoids that were in the plant, rather than limited quantities of certain cannabinoids. This is what makes this type of CBD stand out among the rest.
The primary thing to note about these types of products is the THC component, which we will also explain for the other types of CBD later in this article. If you live in a state where cannabis is illegal, or if you simply don’t want to consume THC yourself, then you probably are concerned about the THC content in the CBD products you are purchasing.
However, given that many CBD products are extracted from hemp and not marijuana, the THC content will be extremely limited. By definition, hemp contains less than 0.3% THC, meaning that the extract will also only contain tiny amounts of THC. The quantity of the THC will not get you high. But, you are probably now wondering what the benefits are of using a Full-Spectrum CBD oil. It used to be believed that isolated CBD was more effective than Full-Spectrum, but now the opposite is the case; most now agree that full-spectrum CBD is the preferred option because of something called the “entourage effect.” This phenomenon refers to how cannabinoids work together to become more effective.
Some pros of full-spectrum CBD are that it offers the full benefits of the Cannabis plant (entourage effect) and it undergoes fewer processes than other types of CBD. Some cons about Full-Spectrum CBD are that it may have psychoactive, sedative and other possibly unwanted side effects, it may show up on drug tests, containing THC may cause legal complications and it may have a strong natural flavor and odor. Full-Spectrum CBD works best for those who were recommended a certain THC to CBD ratio, those with more severe conditions or conditions that CBD Isolate and Broad Spectrum, which we will cover below, could not alleviate, and those living in states where Cannabis is legal. To be short and sweet, if THC is not a concern to you, then this type of CBD might be something you want to consider.
What is Broad Spectrum CBD?
Now, let’s talk about the second type of CBD: Broad Spectrum. Likely, you have also seen this term, Broad Spectrum, when you are searching for your CBD products. Broad Spectrum refers to a CBD product that contains a range of other cannabinoids, but no THC. This is the main difference when comparing it to Full-Spectrum CBD. Broad Spectrum CBD allows for most of the benefits of the entourage effect, but with no risk of consuming THC. This is ideal if you are completely against THC, if you are worried about taking it, or if you are often drug tested at work. If you need to avoid THC at all costs, you will most likely want to look into this type of CBD.
Some of the positives of broad-spectrum CBD are that they offer the full benefits of a Cannabis plant (otherwise known as the entourage effect), but there are no risks of psychoactive effects. However, on the other hand, Broad Spectrum CBD has less research and availability and may have a strong natural flavor and odor, similar to that of Full Spectrum CBD.
Broad-spectrum CBD is best for those who have conditions that CBD Isolate alone could not help (which we will go over later in this article), those who have sensitivities or concerns about using THC, those living in a state that has strict THC-laws and those who are against using THC altogether.
There are a couple of different processes that are used to make broad-spectrum CBD. One is by starting with a CBD isolate and then adding other beneficial cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. Another way to make broad-spectrum CBD is through a process that removes any THC. By removing trace amounts of THC, you have a product that can be used confidently by anyone who cannot have traces of THC in their system, as previously mentioned.
What is CBD Isolate?
Finally, let’s talk about the third kind: CBD Isolate. CBD Isolate is typically the CBD product of choice for those who are sensitive to other cannabinoids such as THC. Isolates are just CBD isolated from all other cannabinoids. If you are one who is looking for CBD exclusively, then this type of CBD is probably for you.
During the CBD Isolate extraction process, everything contained in the plant matter is removed, including any traces of THC, terpenes, waxes, oils, chlorophyll and more leaving only pure CBD. Once the CBD is extracted from the plant, it must purify for some time, with the chemical compounds needed to create CBD Isolate filtrated out of the cannabis that’s extracted from the plant.
Once the CBD is filtered out, the CBD oil removed from the cannabis plant goes through one last process, called winterization, where any remaining plant particles are removed from the CBD oil. Winterization is the process for chilling chemical compounds, which is needed to extract impurities from the CBD. With CBD Isolate, the winterization process takes away any waxes or other unneeded components (like terpenes, chlorophyll and/or flavonoids) remaining in the CBD. Once that process is complete, the company or manufacturer creating the product is left with pure CBD powder, which has no levels of THC and is at a level that is almost 100% pure cannabidiol.
By the end, the CBD manufacturers will have the option to either produce CBD Isolate as a pure powder or turn it into a crystal isolate. The primary difference in that scenario how the end-user will ultimately ingest the CBD Isolate, which is based on what the company’s consumers want and need.
You can take CBD Isolate as a powder. Manufacturers often mix CBD Isolate into edible gummies, creams they can simply rub into their skin, or ingested as a power under the tongue for the most direct (and fastest) results. This is a similar scenario if you were thinking of how vaping works faster than a topical CBD cream!
You can take CBD Isolate as a crystal. Crystals can also be digested as an edible but they can also be taken via a vaping pipe, via liquids or ingested under the tongue. This is another fast and effective way for consumer CBD.
When you are looking at isolate, it’s very important to verify the purity. While many are in the range with no identifiable amounts of THC, there are lower purity options that may still have amounts that will show up in a lab test, thus defeating the whole purpose of using CBD Isolate. This small percentage of THC is usually insignificant, but it is still something you want to know when seeking the purest CBD Isolate out there on the market.
In general, taking CBD Isolate as a powder directly under the tongue is both the easiest and the most effective way of taking CBD Isolate. The treatment is odorless and tasteless, although many users do mix it with liquids (such as your morning tea, coffee or juice) and even food when they ingest CBD Isolate.
It’s important to know that you can’t get high on CBD Isolate, as it contains no THC. However, it’s still worth checking the package or bottle and make sure there is no THC in the CBD Isolate. Calculating the dosage levels with CBD Isolate is also easy to do. Any small scale you have lying around your house can do the trick – since the Isolate is separated from other cannabis chemical compounds, measuring the dosage in milligrams gives you the exact amount of CBD you need, per the package directions. As we have recommended in other articles, we do think you should consult your doctor regarding your dosage amount on what will work best for your body. Additionally, it’s always best to start with a low dose of CBD Isolate and to take it from there.
It’s also important to note that CBD Isolate is much less expensive than other forms of commercial cannabinoids, such as CBD tinctures or oils, topical products, and edibles.
Which form of CBD is best: Full-Spectrum, Broad Spectrum or Isolate?
It is said that Full-Spectrum CBD is more effective due to it’s ‘entourage effect’.
Unfortunately, many users cannot have any THC due to being subject to drug testing. Until recent, CBD Isolate was the only option for these users. Now, however, Broad Spectrum CBD products have entered the market allowing the entourage effect for this group. These products offer maximum therapeutic potential without the risk of THC exposure. This is a big game-changer for many people who want to reap all the effects of CBD, but cannot have THC due to personal and medical reasons.
While everyone has their opinion on which method is most effective, it truly depends on your body and your needs. You probably can tell just by that statement that there is a lot of debate on what form of CBD is best. Many think that other cannabinoids, such as THC, are needed to activate every benefit the cannabis plant has to offer. Those in favor of this may favor Full Spectrum CBD for this reason. Ultimately, every person is different, especially in how they react to the products they are using. You, as a consumer, must determine for yourself whether Full Spectrum CBD, Broad Spectrum CBD or CBD Isolate is better for their body and your needs and concerns. It’s best to lay out the pros and cons of each kind and to compare it with your thoughts, concerns, wants and personal needs when choosing your products. Odds are that you are choosing to use CBD for a specific reason.
All in all, Cannabidiol, otherwise abbreviated as CBD, has become very popular these days and many people choose to use it regularly. However, there can be much confusion around the differences between Full Spectrum CBD, Broad Spectrum CBD and Isolate CBD. With our end goal of helping to educate you, the public, on the difference between Full Spectrum CBD, Broad Spectrum CBD and Isolate CBD, we hope that you now know what the differences are between the three kinds so you can make an educated decision on what is best for you. By understanding more about the differences between them, you should have better knowledge and understanding of what products to purchase and what kind you might want to consume based on your needs and lifestyle.
As per usual, if you have any questions between the Full Spectrum CBD, Broad Spectrum CBD and CBD Isolate, please feel free to contact us here with any questions or concerns. We would be happy to answer any questions!
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